Infertility is the inability to get pregnant. It can be a very traumatic condition for women, especially for those who want to have a baby. Before you go through infertility treatment, it is important that you know the root of the problem first. Below are five common causes of infertility in women.

1. Ovulation Disorder

There are several reasons why a woman has irregular ovulation cycles or no ovulation at all. One of the main culprits is hormonal balance. There are several factors that affect the menstrual cycle. When the communication between the ovaries, follicles, and the pituitary gland doesn’t work accordingly, ovulation doesn’t occur.

Ovulation disorder can be caused by poor egg health, poor nutrition, bad lifestyle choices, obesity, and genetic predisposition, long-term use of birth control pills, stress, and endocrine glands problems. The good news is that there’s an effective infertility treatment for ovulation disorder.

2. Scarred Ovaries

Another cause of infertility in women is physical damage to the ovaries. Invasive, multiple, or extensive surgeries to remove ovarian cysts can cause the ovarian capsule to be scarred or damaged. And due to the damage, follicles can’t mature properly, and ovulation doesn’t occur. Infection of the ovaries can also result to infertility.

3. Endotriosis

The endometrium is the lining of the uterus. When the woman’s body gets ready for pregnancy each month, the lining thickens and swells. It also puffs up with red blood cells the ovaries release an egg.
The problem occurs when the uterine tissue ends up in the bowel or the lining of the pelvis. When it happens, the cells will keep doing their job, and they will scar and inflame the delicate areas. This leads to painful periods, pain during and after sex, painful bowel movements, and infertility.

4. Poor Egg Quality

Eggs can be damaged or develop abnormalities that make them infertile. The problem is often related to the age of women. The quality of the egg decreases when women reach their late 30s and early 40s.Infertility treatment for poor egg quality is through surrogacy and embryo or egg donation. Around a third of women who used donor embryos or eggs have successful pregnancy.  

5. Uterine Trouble

There are instances in which you might develop fibroids and polyps in the uterus. These can interfere in your capability to get pregnant. Uterine fibroids and polyps occur when there are too many cells in the lining of the uterus.


These are common causes of infertility among women. The good news is that there are ways to treat infertility. You should consult your doctor to find out the right infertility treatment for your condition.